NATIONALITY WORDS TABLE

List of adjectival forms of place names from Wikipedia

 


noun

[1]
adjective

[2]
noun


noun

[3]
the + adjective

Country

or continent

 

 

 

people singular

people in general (the)

people plural (2, 3…)

people in general

 

Africa

African

an African

Africans

Ø

America

American

an American

Americans

Ø

Argentina

Argentinean

an Argentinean

Argentineans

Ø

Asia

Asian

an Asian

Asians

Ø

Australia

Australian

an Australian

Australians

Ø

Belgium

Belgian

a Belgian

Belgians

Ø

Brazil

Brazilian

a Brazilian

Brazilians

Ø

Europe

European

a European

Europeans

Ø

Germany

German

a German

Germans

Ø

Guinea

Guinean

a Guinean

Guineans

Ø

Hungary

Hungarian

a Hungarian

Hungarians

Ø

India

Indian

an Indian

Indians

Ø

Indonesia

Indonesian

an Indonesian

Indonesians

Ø

Iran

Iranian

an Iranian

Iranians

Ø

Italy

Italian

an Italian

Italians

Ø

Norway

Norwegian

a Norwegian

Norwegians

Ø

(Arabia) [4]

Arabian

an Arab

Arabs

Ø

Greece

Greek

a Greek

Greeks

Ø

Iraq

Iraqi

an Iraqi

Iraqis

Ø

Israel

Israeli

an Israeli

Israelis

Ø

Madagascar Malagasy a Malagasy Malagasies
Ø

Pakistan

Pakistani

a Pakistani

Pakistanis

Ø

the Philippines

Filipino

a Filipino

Filipinos

Ø

Thailand

Thai

a Thai

Thais

Ø

Turkey

Turkish

a Turk

Turks

Ø

Burkina Faso

Burkinabe

a Burkinabe

Burkinabe

Ø

China

Chinese

a Chinese

Chinese

Ø

Gabon

Gabonese

a Gabonese

Gabonese

Ø

Japan

Japanese

a Japanese

Japanese

Ø

Portugal

Portuguese

a Portuguese

Portuguese

Ø

Senegal

Senegalese

a Senegalese

Senegalese

Ø

Vietanam

Vietnamese

a Vietnamese

Vietnamese

Ø

Switzerland

Swiss

a  Swiss

Swiss

Ø

England [5]

English

an Englishman

Englishmen

the English

France

French

a Frenchman

Frenchmen

the French

the Netherlands

Dutch

a Dutchman

Dutchmen

the Dutch

Ireland

Irish

an Irishman

Irishmen

the Irish

Wales

Welsh

a Welshman

Welshmen

the Welsh

Britain [6]

British

(a Briton)

 (Britons)

the British

Denmark

Danish

a Dane

Danes

the Danish #

Finland

Finnish

a Finn

Finns

the Finnish#

Poland

Polish

a Pole

Poles

the Polish#

Spain

Spanish

a Spaniard

Spaniards*

the Spanish

Sweden

Swedish

a Swede

Swedes

the Swedish#

Scotland (a)

Scottish or

Scots

a Scotsman or

a Scot

Scotsmen or

Scots

the Scottish#

Scotland (b) [7]

Scotch

 (a Scotchman)

(Scotchmen)

(the Scotch)

* "Spaniards" and "a Spaniard" are relatively rare in modern English.
# All these are relatively rare; "the Danes", "the Finns", "the Poles",  "the Swedes", "the Scots" are much more common.


[1] The adjective is used as a noun to refer to the language, if one exists.

[2] It's always possible to say "a/an (adjective) person/man/woman" and "(adjective) people".
Examples: "Africans" or "African people"; "the Poles" or "the Polish people"; "a Spaniard" or "a Spanish man".

[3] This exists only for a few European countries.

[4] There's no modern country called Arabia. The language is "Arabic".

[5] For the English, French, Dutch, Irish, Welsh and British no specific noun exists to refer to the people but Dutchwomen, Irishman, etc., are written as one word.

[6] We talk about ancient Britons but the inhabitants of modern Britain are referred to as "British people" or "the British".

[7] Scots people do not like to be called "Scotchmen" or "the Scotch".  Scotch is whisky!